Wednesday, 20 July 2011

Important Idioms and phrasal verb

Important Idioms and phrasal verb (Part 1)
These are some Important Idioms and phrasal verbs which will help you to prepare your exam for F.A, F.Sc, B.A, B.Sc
Through Thick        I shall help you Through Thick and thin.
and thin
Stand by                I shall stand by you whatever happens.
For want of           One should not commit an immoral act  for want of money.
Give up                  He has given up smoking.
Off and on             He comes off and on to see his sick mother.
By fits and starts     He may succeed because he works by fits and starts.
Bury the hatchet       Let us bury the hatchet and be friends again.
At stone’s throw       Our school is at stone’s thrown.
At daggers drawn       The two brothers are at dagger’s drawn.
Few and far between    He comes here few and far between.
Cut a sorry figure     He did not worked hard and cut a sorry figure in the examination.
Break the news           No one have courage to break the news when her father died.
Break the ice           All were silent when I had to break the ice.
French leave           French leave is not allowed here.
A bed of roses           Life is not a bed of roses.
See off                   We saw off with a sad heart.
Come off           When does the convocation come off?
Break out            Cholera has broken out in our city.
Up to the mark            Your work is up to the mark.
To abide by           You should abide by your promise.
To nip in the bud      Nip the evil in the bud.
Rainy day           Save some money for a rainy day.
Put out            Please put out your light.
Bad blood           Ameen created the bad blood between two brothers.
To end in smoke           All of his efforts to go abroad ended in smoke.
Above board           His honesty is above board.
To make fun of           He always makes fun of others.
To get into hot water  Ameen is a corrupt officer. He will get into hot water some day.
To pass away           His father passed away yesterday.
Part and parcel           Kitchen is a part and parcel of a home.
Go back on            The politicians always go back on their words.
To be taken aback      She was taken aback to see her husband before her.
Bring in            This business will bring in money to you.
A maiden speech           He impressed the audience with his maiden speech.
A wild goose chase     Your attempt to pass will prove a wild goose chase.
Bring to book           The headmaster brought to books the teachers for students’ failure.
Better half           Uzma is my better half.
Turn over           Please turn over you paper.
Cut off                   She has cut off all his connections with me.
Bag and baggage           They were turned out bag and baggage.
For good           I have given up smoking for good.
Turn out           They were turned out bag and baggage.
In black and white     Give me every thing in black and white.
Under a cloud           A corrupt minister is always under a cloud.
A rolling stone           A rolling stone gathers no moss.
Up to date           Keep your account up to date.
Put on                   Put on your coat and come along with me.
A white elephant       Car is a white elephant for a poor man.
Hard and fast           The rules of this society are hard and fast.
Put off                   He tried to put me off with false promises.
By hook or by crook    He will pass the examination by hook or by crook.
Heart and soul           He has put heart and soul in serving his parents.
Kith and kin           He invited all his kith and kin to his wedding.
Tooth and nail           He fought a duel tooth and nail.
Bring up           His uncle brought him up.
Look for           What are you looking for?
Put down            The rebellion was put down.
Wet blanket           He is a wet blanket as he says that we might fail.
Red letter day           The 14th of August is the red letter day in the history of Pakistan.
Hand in glove            They were hand in glove with each other.
To add fuel to fire    His insulting remarks added fuel to fire.
Fall in with           We fall in with you in this matter.
To catch at a straw    A drawing man catches at a straw.
To take after           He takes after his father.
First and foremost     The first and foremost duty of a student is to study.
Take in                   Don’t take in your friends.
An Amazon           She is an Amazon.
A bad debt           You should write off the bad debt.
A sugar daddy           Although he is an old man but he is a sugar daddy.
Carry the day           We carried the day and won the match.
Face the music           Great people always face the music.
Off hand           I can speak off hand on any topic.
Get rid of           He has got rid of bad friends.
Hit upon           He hit upon a new idea.
Red handed           The police caught the murdered red handed.

Sunday, 10 July 2011

Important Essay: Science in the service of man

Science In The Service Of Man
Wonder Of Sciences
Miracles Of Science
Science and human comforts
Benefits Of Science
How Has Scientific Method Helped Us

  1. We live in an age of science. Science has made our life very comfortable.
  2. Science has added great comforts in every field of human life.
  3. It has brought a revolution in the field of traveling, medicine, surgery and engineering etc.
  4. It has made man rational and open minded.
  5. It has brought marvelous changes in our recreation.
  6. It has also changes our eating habits.
We live in an age of science. Science has entered in every field of our life. It has added many comforts to our life. The impossibilities of the past have been made possible. New miracles are happening everyday. It has given man a new sense of confidence and power. Man has conquered the forces of nature. He is not afraid of the wild animals tempests and floods. It has helped man to explore the hidden treasure on the earth. Man has now learnt to land on Moon. He is in search of new worlds. A great writer Emerson says “Science surpasses the old miracles of mythology”.
Science has brought a revolution in the matters of transportation and communication. It has shortened the distances. In the past, traveling was a difficult and dangerous matter. It took weeks and months to reach from one place to another. People bade farewell to their relatives and friends with a heavy heart, while they set out on a journey. Now the days have gone. We can now travel from one part of the world to the other in a few hours. There are rocket planes that travel at the speed of seven or eight hundred miles per hour. They travel faster than sound.
Telephone, wireless, radio, computer, Internet and television are wonderful invention of science. They connect us with the world within a twinkling of an eye. The radio and T.V are the most powerful means of information and education for us. They make a record of everything features and educational programmes enlighten and delight our minds. Its influence on men, women and children stand undefeated. The telephone and telegraph have linked one part of the world to the other. Messages are flashed. Direct conversation can be carried on. Wireless has brought the countries close together. The world has shrunk in size. It is no doubt a great serves of science.
Electricity is perhaps the most wonderful invention of science. It is used as a source of light, heat and power. With the help of power, we can now change the course of rivers, demolish the mountains and cultivate our barren lands .Without it the whole progress of industry would come to stand still .Had it not been invented .the entire world would have plunged into darkness .it moves trains and heats our rooms in winter and cools them in summer .it cools our food and irons our clothes.
It has also done wonders in the world of medicine.Treatment by X-ray and radium is one of the greatest wonders of science .Difficult surgical operations have become a routine mater .Vaccination has made small pox a thing of the past.Many other diseases lied cholera plague and T.B.Have been fully controlled .Purine has finished malaria .It has also made our social life easy and comfortable .It has given us many ways of recreation .The cinema ,radio and television have made us cheerful and comfortable.
Science has made us open minded and rational .We analyse everything before we believe it.We do not have faith in ghosts and spirits .Now –a-days science has made us practical minded.

Friday, 1 July 2011

English Grammar: The Phrase

English Grammar

The Phrase

In English Grammar a phrase is a combination or a group of words which gives a sense but not a complete sense.
•    It is a part of a sentence.
•    It does not have a subject or a predicate.
•    On the roof
•    A group of colors
•    English Grammar
•    But: I am learning English Grammar from my school.
Note: In the above sentence “English Grammar” is a phrase, which helps in making a complete sense.
Kinds/Forms of the Phrase:
1.    Adverbial Phrase
•    It does the function of an adverb
•    It does not have any subject or predicate
•    I am writing this letter in a hurry.          (“in a hurry” is an adverbial verb)
•    I hope you will work better in future.     (In future is an adverbial phrase)
2.      Prepositional Phrase:
•    It has a preposition, its object and modifier.
•    It may be used as an adjective, adverb, or a noun.
•    The boy with the long arms is one of my students.
“with the long arms” is a prepositional phrase, used as an adjective.
•    She danced with a hop.
“With a hop” is a prepositional phrase, used as an adverb.
•    After tea, it is the time to relax.
“After tea” is a prepositional phrase.
Adjective Phrase:
•    It is a group of words without subject or predicate.
•    It does the function of an adjective.
•    A man of virtues will not tell a lie.
“A man of virtues” is an adjective phrase, which does the function of an adjective.
•    The boy with a black hat is my brother.
“With a black hat” is an adjectivial phrase, which does the function of an adjective.
The Present Participle Phrase:
•    It consists of a particple (1st form of the verb + ing) and the related words.
•    It acts/works/functions as an adjective.
•    The students, practicing summary-writing, is usually an intelligent student.
“Practicing summary-writing” is a present participle phrase, which acts/works as an adjective.
•    Reaching the field, the farmer began to harvest the crop of wheat at once.
“Reaching the field” is a present participle phrase, which acts/works as an adjective.
•    Not knowing the English language, he found it impossible to get a job in England.
“Not knowing the English language” is a present participle phrase, which acts/works as an adjective.
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